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新东方刘琦解析四级改革之长篇阅读理解

来源::网络整理 | 作者:管理员 | 本文已影响 1000000 人

  2013年12月的四六级改革已出方案。针对阅读版块,传统阅读依旧传统,快速阅读却变成了长篇阅读。考查形式从过去多元化的Y, N, NG、句子填空、多项选择转变成了十个句子的信息匹配。感觉上在向考研新题型靠拢。但纵观目前官方给出的样题,实则不难发现,长篇阅读依旧快速阅读,只是更加快速阅读了些,颇有些换汤不换药的意思。下面,就大纲样题一起来分析下,找找新旧阅读的异同。
  样题Universities Branch Out来自于2007年12月四级真题的快速阅读原文。这符合本次改革官方说法"原快速阅读理解调整为长篇阅读理解,篇章长度和难度不变。"而题目实则与之前考法异曲同工。匹配题主要在于定位,则就定位我们遵循专有名词,数词,连字符词,动宾结构,题干新信息等之前课上讲的定位原则,具体我们以样题来操作。
  (红笔反显体现定位词
  46. American universities prepare their undergraduates for global careers by giving them chances for international study or internship.
  原文:
  D Universities are also encouraging students to spend some of their undergraduate years in another country. In Europe, more than 140,000 students participate in the Erasmus program each year, taking courses for credit in one of 2, 2000 participating institutions across the continent. And in the United States, institutions are helping place students in summer internships(实习)abroad to prepare them for global careers. Yale and Harvard have led the way, offering every undergraduate at least one international study or internship opportunity and providing the financial resources to make it possible.
  重要提示:请各位同学看2007年12月快速阅读的第4题
  47. Since the mid-1970s, the enrollment of overseas students has increased at an annual rate of 3.9 percent.
  原文:
  C Of the forces shaping higher education none is more sweeping than the movement across borders. Over the past three decades the number of students leaving home each year to study abroad has grown at an annual rate of 3.9 percent, from 8000,000 in 1975 to 2.5 million in 2994. Most travel from one developed nation to another, but the flow from developing to developed countries id growing rapidly. The reverse flow, from developed to developing countries, is on the rise, too. Today foreign students earn 30 percent of the doctoral degrees awarded in the United States and 38 percent of those in the United Kingdom. And the number crossing borders for undergraduate study is growing as well, to 8 percent of the undergraduates at America's best institutions and 10 percent of all undergraduates in the U.K. In the United States, 20 percent of the newly hired professors in science and engineering are foreign-born, and in China many newly hired faculty hired faculty members at the top research universities received their graduate education abroad.
  重要提示:请各位同学看2007年12月快速阅读的第2题
  48. The enrollment of international students will have a positive impact on America rather than threaten its competitiveness.
  原文:
  I Most Americans recognize that universities contribute to the nation's well-being through their scientific research, but many fear that foreign students threaten American competitiveness by taking their knowledge and skills back home. They fail to grasp that welcoming foreign students to the United States has two important positive effects:and like immigrants throughout history-strength the nation; and second, foreign students who study in the United States become ambassadors for many of its most cherished(珍视) values when they return home. Or at least they understand them better. In America as elsewhere, few Instruments of foreign policy are as effective in promoting peace and stability as welcoming international university students.
  49. The way research is carried out in universities has changed as a result of globalization.
  原文:
  E Globalization is also reshaping the way research is done. One new trend involves sourcing portions of a research program to another country. Yale professor and Howard Hughes Medical Shanghai's Fudan University, in collaboration with faculty colleagues from both schools. The Shanghai center has 95 employees and graduate students working in a 4300-square-meter laboratory seminars with scientists from both campuses. The arrangement benefits both countries; Xu's Yale lab is more productive, thanks to the lower costs of conducing from a word-class scientist and his U.S. team.
  重要提示:请各位同学看2007年12月快速阅读的第5题
  50. Of the newly hired professors in science and engineering in the United States, twenty percent come from foreign countries.
  原文:
  C Of the forces shaping higher education none is more sweeping than the movement across borders. Over the past three decades the number of students leaving home each year to study abroad has grown at an annual rate of 3.0 percent, from 8000,000 in 1975 to 2.5 million in 2994. Most travel from one developed nation to another, but the flow from developing to developed countries id growing rapidly. The reverse flow, from developed to developing countries, is on the rise, too. Today foreign students earn 30 percent of the doctoral degrees awarded in the United States and 38 percent of those in the United Kingdom. And the number crossing borders for undergraduate study is growing as well, to 8 percent of the undergraduates at America's best institutions and 10 percent of all undergraduates in the U.K. In the United States, 20 percent of the newly hired professors in science and engineering are foreign-born, and in China many newly hired faculty hired faculty members at the top research universities received their graduate education abroad.
  重要提示:请各位同学看2007年12月快速阅读的第5题
  51. The number of foreign students applying to U.S. universities decreased sharply after September 11 due to changes in the visa process.
  原文:
  H American politicians have great difficulty recognizing that admitting more foreign students can greatly promote the national interest by increasing international understanding. Adjusted for inflation, public funding for international exchanges and foreign-language study is well below the levels of 40 years ago. In the wake of September 11,changes in the visa process caused a dramatic decline in the number of foreign students seeking admission to U.S.
  重要提示:请各位同学看2007年12月快速阅读的第8题
  52. The U.S. federal funding for research has been unsteady for years.
  原文:
  G For all its success, the United States remains deeply hesitant about sustaining the research university model. Most politician recognize the link between investment in science and national economic strength, but support for research funding has been unsteady. The budget of the National Institutes of Health doubled between 1998 and 2003,but has risen more slowly than inflations since then. Support for the physical sciences and engineering barely kept pace with inflation during that same period. The attempt to make up lost ground is welcome, but the nation would be better served by steady, predictable increases in science funding at the rate of long-term GDP growth, which is on the order of inflation plus 3 percent per year.
  重要提示:请各位同学看2007年12月快速阅读的第7题
  53. Around the world, governments encourage the model of linking university-based science and industrial application.
  原文:
  F As a result of its strength in science, the United States has consistently led of the world in the world in the commercialization of major new technologies, from the mainframe computer and integrated circuit of the 1960s to the internet infrastructure(基础设施)and applications software of the 1990s.The link between university-based science and industrial application is often indirect but sometimes highly visible: Silicon Valley was intentionally created by Stanford University, and Route 128 outside Boston has long housed companies spun off from MIT and Harvard. Around the world, governments have encouraged copying of his model, perhaps most successfully in Cambridge, England, where Microsoft and scores of other leading software and biotechnology companies have set up shop around the university.
  重要提示:请各位同学看2007年12月快速阅读的第6题
  54. Present-day universities have become a powerful force for global integration.
  原文:
  A As never before in their long story, universities have become instruments of national competition as well as instruments of peace. They are the place of the scientific discoveries that move economies forward, and the primary means of educating the talent required to obtain and maintain competitive advantages. But at the same time, the opening of national borders to the flow of goods, services, information and especially people has made universities a powerful force for global integration, mutual understanding and geopolitical stability.
  重要提示:请各位同学看2007年12月快速阅读的第1题
  55. When foreign students leave America, they will bring American values back to their home countries.
  原文:
  I Most Americans recognize that universities contribute to the nation's well-being through their scientific research, but many fear that foreign students threaten American competitiveness by taking their knowledge and skills back home. They fail to grasp that welcoming foreign students and like immigrants throughout history-strength the nation; and second, foreign students who study in the United States become ambassadors for many of its most cherished(珍视) values when they return home. Or at least they understand them better. In America as elsewhere, few Instruments of foreign policy are as effective in promoting peace and stability as welcoming international university students.
  重要提示:请各位同学看2007年12月快速阅读的第9/10题
  综上,可以看出实际新的长篇阅读和过去的快速阅读考点重复率极高,同时由于少了干扰项,难度有所下降。
  后期复习建议:
  1. 把握定位词。
  2. 依旧以2006年6月之后的四级快速阅读为复习素材,强化快速定位的能力。
  3. 在选择时一定要有明确的匹配关系。
  明确匹配关系包括 1)同义关系
  2)正话反说 反话正说
  3)概括归纳
  4.  可适当做点考研新题型中的信息匹配题。素材以英语二2011-2013年真题为主。

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